thesis.space contact us

Modelling systems of innovation: : II. A framework for industrial cluster analysis in regions

Research policy / v.26 no.6. 1998, pp.625-641

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00038-3

Author : Padmore, Tim ; Gibson, Hervey

Abstract : Abstract We present a model for describing and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of industrial clusters from a regional perspective. The model is a symmetrical framework combining dimensions of the Porter competitiveness `diamond with an equally explicit accounting of infrastructure and markets, important in a regional framework. Measures are organized under headings of Groundings, Enterprises and Markets, which gives the model its name: GEM. The characteristics of regional innovation systems are contained in the overall competitiveness framework. The GEM determinants are organized in a way that facilitates subjective scoring and allows a mapping onto a more conventional production-system structure. We have developed scoring criteria for each of the six determinants that relate to overall competitiveness of the cluster and have established an heuristic competitiveness function (GEM Assay) that captures the substitution/complementarity relationships among the determinants. We present some examples of the use of the framework and the assay in assessing regional clusters and policies for strengthening them.

Keyword : Cluster . Measurement . Regional . Competitiveness . Innovation

Modeling systems of innovation: An enterprise-centered view

Abstract Business enterprises operate as components of what is commonly referred to as a syste..

Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in cats in Japan

Abstract The prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in cats in Japan has been examined since 1957..

Distribution, prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma bovis infection in cattle..

Abstract Monthly abattoir, farms and village surveys were carried out to determine the distrib..

Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in cattle an..

Abstract Serum samples from 200 dairy cattle and 200 beef water buffaloes were collected in so..

Ultrastructural morphology of sarcosporidiosis in alpine ibex (Capra ibex)

Abstract The authors describe the ultrastructural morphology of the cyst wall of sarcocysts in..

Serum immune response to Giardia duodenalis in experimentally infected lambs

Abstract Twenty-three protozoan-free lambs were experimentally infected with Giardia duodenal..

Informatics: An International Perspective on the Transformation of Data to Info..

Vandewal, D. ; Vanden Boer, G. ; Sermeus, W.,

Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Integrin Blockade: Focus on Acute Myocardial Inf..

Madan, M ; Tcheng, JE,

Tori in Certain Aspherical Four-Manifolds

The homology classes represented by embedded or mapped tori in the product of two surfaces ar..

The Chern Character for Classical Matrix Groups

We give explicit formulas for representations of classical matrix groups whose Chern characte..