thesis.space contact us

Product complexity, innovation and industrial organisation

Research policy / v.26 no.6. 1998, pp.689-710

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00044-9

Author :

Abstract : Abstract This paper highlights distinctive features of a neglected class of economic activity in the domain of innovation, namely the creation and development of high cost, complex products and systems (CoPS), asking how their nature might be expected to affect innovation and industrial organisation. It argues that because CoPS are highly customised, engineering-intensive goods which often require several producers to work together simultaneously, the dynamics of innovation in CoPS are likely to differ from mass produced commodity goods. To consider the argument, the paper describes some of the defining features of CoPS and counterpoises two ideal-type innovation schemes: a `conventional mass production innovation scheme, and an idealisation more suited to CoPS. Implications for innovation and industrial coordination are discussed, pointing to the project and the project-based organisation as natural CoPS organisational forms. While major differences between groups of CoPS are apparent, user involvement in innovation tends to be high and suppliers, regulators and professional bodies tend to work together with users ex-ante to negotiate new product designs, methods of production and post-delivery innovations. Markets are often bureaucratically administered and contestability is low in contrast to commodity goods which are characterised by arms-length market transactions. In relating the critical attributes of CoPS to industrial processes and organisational form, the paper emphasises the wide variety of possible innovation paths and points to the CoPS project, rather than the single firm, as a chief unit of analysis for innovation, management and competition analysis.

Keyword : Product complexity . Innovation . Industrial organisation

Determinants of university participation in EU-funded R&D cooperative pr..

Abstract This paper examines the factors that influence university participation in R#x0026;D ..

Improving the effectiveness of public–private R&D collaboration: ..

Abstract This paper presents the results of the first systematic case studies of Cooperative R..

Towards knowledge-based product development: the 3-D CAD model of knowledge cre..

Abstract This paper argues that new 3-D CAD systems can play a central role in the creation of..

Modelling systems of innovation: : II. A framework for industrial cluster analy..

Abstract We present a model for describing and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of indus..

Modeling systems of innovation: An enterprise-centered view

Abstract Business enterprises operate as components of what is commonly referred to as a syste..

Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in cats in Japan

Abstract The prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in cats in Japan has been examined since 1957..

Distribution, prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma bovis infection in cattle..

Abstract Monthly abattoir, farms and village surveys were carried out to determine the distrib..

Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in cattle an..

Abstract Serum samples from 200 dairy cattle and 200 beef water buffaloes were collected in so..

Ultrastructural morphology of sarcosporidiosis in alpine ibex (Capra ibex)

Abstract The authors describe the ultrastructural morphology of the cyst wall of sarcocysts in..

Serum immune response to Giardia duodenalis in experimentally infected lambs

Abstract Twenty-three protozoan-free lambs were experimentally infected with Giardia duodenal..